Wednesday, June 21, 2017
Security of Cyber-Physical Systems
Dr. Marek Rusinkiewicz
Ying Wu College of Computing
New Jersey Institute of Technology
Abstract. Cyberspace, the ubiquitous collection of interconnected IP networks and hosts, has become the nervous system of the country. Healthy functioning of Cyberspace is essential for the proper operation of numerous critical infrastructures, including telecommunication, energy distribution, and transportation. It is also necessary to support the ever expanding business infrastructure for commerce and banking. The increasing reliance on Cyberspace has been paralleled by a corresponding increase in the variety, frequency and impact of attacks from a range of assailants. Both commercial companies and government agencies face continuous and increasingly more sophisticated cyber-attacks ranging from data exfiltration and spear phishing to sophisticated worms and logic bombs. The targets include not only computer information systems, but also the network communication infrastructure and power grids.
In this talk, I will discuss protecting cyber-physical systems from attacks and argue that cyber security can significantly benefit from multidisciplinary research including Web Intelligence, Data Analytics and Network Science.
About the speaker
Marek Rusinkiewicz is a computer scientist, an educator, and a former research executive. Currently he is the Dean Emeritus of the Ying Wu College of Computing at the New Jersey Institute of Technology. Previously he was a Senior Group Vice President and the General Manager of Applied Research Laboratories at Telcordia Technologies (formerly Bell Communication Research), which included R&D centers in New Jersey, Texas, Taiwan and Poland.
Before joining Telcordia, Rusinkiewicz was the Vice President for Information Technology Research at the Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation (MCC) in Austin, a leading industrial R&D consortium, where he led a number of initiatives aimed at the development of next generation information management technologies, including web search, semantic agents, and collaboration management.
Rusinkiewicz has held academic positions at the University of Glasgow, the University of Michigan, and the University of Houston, where he was a Professor of Computer Science until 1999. His research interests include heterogeneous database systems, workflow management, agent-based systems and cyber security. In 2006-2010 he was a member of President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) Networking and Information Technology Technical Advisory Group.
He is Editor-in-Chief of the World Wide Web Journal and serves on advisory boards of several Universities and Research Centers. He has consulted for numerous industry and government organizations in the USA, Japan, China and Europe.
Thursday, June 22, 2017
Interoperability: Models and Semantics
Prof. Dr. Erich Neuhold
University of Vienna
Research Group Multimedia Information Systems
Abstract. Interoperability is a qualitative property of computing infrastructures that denotes the ability of the sending and receiving systems to exchange and properly interpret information objects across program or system boundaries.
Since this property is not given by default as the interoperability problem involves the representation and interpretation of meaning it has been an active research topic for approximately four decades.
The talk will investigate the (reoccurring) problem of interoperability as it can be found in the massive data collections around the WEB and Open Linked Data concepts. We investigate semantics and interoperability research from the point of view of information systems. To set the scene an overview of existing old and new interoperability techniques are discussed and future research directions, especially for concepts found in Open Linked Data, and the Semantic WEB are pointed out.
About the speaker
Erich Neuhold is Professor at the Faculty of Computer Science at the University of Vienna and at the Faculty of Computer Science at the Darmstadt University of Technology. Until 2005 he was also Director of the Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Publication and Information Systems (IPSI) in Darmstadt. Earlier he has been Professor at the University of Stuttgart and the Technical University of Vienna and he has also worked in research and management positions for IBM and Hewlett Packard both in Europe and the USA.
His areas of expertise include distributed databases, object-oriented databases, databases for the internet (e.g. unstructured, semi-structured and structured), information retrieval, infor¬mation visualization, workflow and business processes and their applications in digital libraries, cultural heritage, e-science, e-commerce, and e-government.
He has published four books and about 200 papers. His work has appeared, among others, in the VLDB Journal, Information Systems, Acta Informatica and in many conferences as, for example, VLDB, ICDE, MMDB, ADL, DL, IRC, CAiSE, EC-Web, EURASIA etc. He has served in all capacities on many conference committees and was PC Chair and General Chair, among others, of VLDB, ICDE, WISE, SAINT, JCDL and ECDL.
He was Chair of the IEEE TCDE and IEEE TCDL and was Chair of the ICDE Steering Committee and he is currently Chair of the JCDL Steering Committee.
He is a Fellow of IEEE, USA and the Gesellschaft für Informatik, Germany.
Friday, June 23, 2017
Beyond the Clouds with Men
Dr. Willy Picard
Abstract. In the 2016 World Economic Forum White Paper about the Digital Transformation of Industries, the platform (r)evolution, based on cloud computing, is presented as a key technology trend. A cloud provides access on demand to resources – data storage and processing capabilities – coming from large farms of servers. The cloud is a key element in the landscape of infrastructure for collaborative enterprises, often combined with predictive big data analysis based on machine learning.
With the wide adoption of the cloud, companies benefit from IT elasticity, that is the possibility to rapidly expand or shrink the available processing and storage capacities. As a consequence, developers can rely on the cloud for the scalability of their applications, leading to applications that can support large number of users and the associated tasks.
However, although the cloud provides support for a large number of tasks, men are still often better than computers at advanced cognitive tasks such as text understanding, ranking websites for their suitability for a large audience or protein folding. Therefore, a legitimate idea consists in considering men as special data storage and processing entities that could be aggregated along with servers in the cloud. In this talk, I will discuss the opportunities coming from encompassing men to the concept of clouds. I will argue that a large variety of collaboration archetypes, such as hybrid clouds or human-agent collective, could be modeled with a general, still to be developed, model encompassing men, computers, clouds, and organizations.
About the speaker
Willy Picard is a Business Development and Innovation Lead in BAE Systems. As an Innovation Lead, he is responsible for fostering an innovation culture and developing new ideas among engineers of BAE Systems. He is also heading the blockchain community in BAE Systems aiming at identifying and maturing potential applications of the blockchain technology.
Before BAE Systems, Willy Picard has been working at the Text Mining Lab at the Samsung R&D, where he has led various developments related to Natural Language Processing and Machine Learning.
Since 1998 Willy Picard has been with the Poznan University of Economics, working at the Department of Information Technology. He obtained his Ph.D. degree from the École Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications, Paris, France in 2002. In 2013 he received his habilitation degree from the Faculty of Computer Science and Management of the Wrocław University of Technology.
His research interests concern computer support for human negotiations, collaborative networked organizations (CNO), service networks, computer support for virtual organizations, and applications of the service-oriented architecture (SOA) to networks of organizations.